More and more software applications have become web based, which has given rise to a number of openings in the field of web testing. So that one is able to crack the interview, it is important to be equipped with questions asked in the field of web testing along with their answers. This write up presents to you interview questions and answers.
If you have to compare vacancies in all industries, you will see that the software industry is one industry, which has a plethora of career opportunities. To be more precise, there is an increasing demand for software testers, who are able to test web based applications. To be able to enter the industry, it is important that one has sound knowledge of software testing, as well as web application testing. At the same time, one cannot forget the importance of being equipped with the right answers to be given in a web testing interview. Find below some of the important interview questions and their answers, which will prove to be of help in cracking the interviews.
Web Testing Interview Questions with Answers
It is important that you are abreast with the latest trends and tools used in the software testing industry, when you are appearing for the interview. You will have to ensure that you keep your knowledge up-to-date, when you want to appear from an interview, as the chances are high that your knowledge may become obsolete. It is important to note that the software testing field is a volatile field and many changes continue to take place on a daily basis. Before turning towardsquestions and answers, it is important that you know some important manual testing questions and answers as well.
What are the common problems faced in web testing?
The most common problem faced during web testing is the server problem. The server can either be down or it can be under maintenance. The next problem, which is often faced in web testing is database problem, where the connection to the database can be broken. In some cases, there can be hardware compatibility problems, when one is testing a web application.
How are the static websites different than the dynamic websites?
Static websites only give out information to the user and the user does not have any sort of interaction with the website. On the other hand, dynamic websites are the ones, where the user communicates with the system and is asked for information. On providing the required information, he may be able to retrieve the information he is looking for.
Which are the common browsers, where a web application should be tested?
The browsers that are commonly used are Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer and Opera. Therefore, a web application must be tested on these browsers as well.
While testing a website, which are the different configurations which will have to be considered? These configurations may demand for change in strategy of the webpage.
The most important factor that needs consideration is the hardware platform, while some may use the Mac platform, some may use Linux, while others may use Microsoft platform. The next comes the browsers and their versions into the picture. Along with the browser versions, the different Plug-Ins also have to be taken into consideration. The resolution of the monitor also with color depth and text size are some of the other configurations.
Is usability testing possible while testing a website?
Usability testing is indeed an important part of web testing. In usability testing, it is checked, whether the website is user-friendly. Is it possible for the user to move around easily within the webpage. Is there any sort of ambiguity on the webpage, which can hinder the user experience.
What is a proxy server?
A proxy server is a server, which behaves like an intermediary between the client and the main server. Therefore, the requests onto the main server are first sent to the proxy server from the client system, which are then forwarded to the main server. The response from the main server is sent to the client through the proxy server itself. The request and/or the response may be modified by the proxy server depending on the filtering rules of the server.
Which are the HTTP Response Objects?
Some of the HTTP Response Objects are write, flush, tell, etc. The subclasses of HTTP Response are HttpResponseRedirect, HttpResponsePermanentRedirect, HttpResponseBadRequest, HttpResponseNotFound, etc.
Which are the different test case formats, that are a part of web testing?
The test case formats will vary depending on whether the website is a static website or a dynamic website. The static website will have the front end test cases, navigation test cases. On the other hand, if the website is a dynamic website, then the test cases will be broadly divided under front end test cases, back end test cases, field validations test cases, database test cases, security test cases, etc.
Explain the difference between authentication and authorization during web testing?
Authentication is the process with which the system identifies the user. The goal is to ensure that the user is indeed a user, who he claims to be. There are different types of authentications, which can be used like password based authentication, device based authentication, etc. On the other hand, authorization is the process after the authentication process. In this process the system will decide whether a particular task can be performed by the user, does he have the necessary permissions, etc.
Which different test scenarios will you consider, when you are testing a website?
The first scenario to be tested is the GUI. The page layout and the design elements used on the website have to be uniform throughout the website. The next part to be tested are the different links provided inside the website. Along with the links, it will also have to be tested, whether internal navigation is smooth and also check if it is complex. The next important aspect to be checked, is the response time of the website. This will also have to checked, when there is heavy load on the system.
Web Based Testing Interview Questions
• Which different scenarios will be used for testing emails?
• How will you test cookies? Whether the cookies have expired, are there cookies on the system, etc.?
• How will you test the URL of a website?
• Can font and alignment testing be carried out manually on a webpage? How?
• How should performance testing be performed on a website?
• What is caching? What are the common problems seen in caching?
• Explain the different between HTTP and HTTPS?
• Which are the different Web Service Standards? Are the Web Service Standards supported by W3C?
• How is the response time at the server end calculated?
• How is the architecture of the website identified?
These were some of the important web testing interview questions and answers, which can prove to be of help, when you are preparing yourself for an interview. Have the answers to the important questions ready in your words, so that you will appear more confident, while answering the questions. Also there is no dearth of information about web testing in specific and software testing in general on the Internet. Make the most of it when you are preparing for an interview.